The Illinois DUI law does not say that you must be “driving” a motor vehicle to be charged with DUI. The law reads in part: “A person shall not drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle within this State while” (under the influence).
One issue involves what is a “vehicle”. Keep in mind, the law does not limit the offense to something that requires a license to drive or that requires having a license plate.
Any device or implement for transporting human beings, other than human powered devices and snowmobiles, is a “vehicle” (625 ILCS 5/1-217) As such, it is illegal to operate that device while under the influence. This includes tractors, riding lawn mowers, moped and ATV’s. 296 People v. Martinez, 296 Ill. App. 3d 330, 694 N.E.2d 1084, 230 Ill. Dec. 806, 1998 WL 229582 (1998) However, a bicycle, being human-powered, is not a “vehicle” and therefore not subject to the DUI laws. Standard Mut. Ins. Co. v. Rogers, 381 Ill. App. 3d 196, 884 N.E.2d 845, 318 Ill. Dec. 877, 2008 WL 795294 (2008)
Another aspect of the offense of DUI (Driving Under the Influence) involves where and when it is illegal. In that connection, the law makes it illegal to drive under the influence “within this State”. Given this language, Illinois courts have held that DUI is a crime even if committed on private property. People v. Bailey, 243 Ill. App. 3d 871, 612 N.E.2d 960, 184 Ill. Dec. 84, 1993 WL 127621 (1993)